Check out the most amazing facts about the roman military! From forming legions to the roman empire, here is why the roman army was so shockingly powerful throughout history!
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The Roman military was built upon discipline, but for those who failed or stepped out of line, the consequences were dire! Decimation was the punishment of choice for large groups of soldiers who has disobeyed orders, such as mutiny or desertion.
The weapons the Romans had at their disposal were a large part of the reason the military was so effective. Each legionary would be equipped with a sword, a dagger, and two javelins.
8. The “Immunes”
One of the reasons the Roman military was so effective was that each legion was pretty much self-sufficient. The people who held it all together were the “immunes”, who were a group of highly trained specialists that were responsible for maintaining the logistical and medical needs of the soldiers.
7. The Corvus
The Romans didn’t design their own ships, but stole the designs from their enemies. Much easier right??
6. The First Battle was a Defeat
The Romans are legendary for their military prowess, but it could have all been very different. In fact, their first battle was a comprehensive defeat, but it would give them the motivation to learn quickly and become the immense force that they are still remembered for.
5. The Fetials
The Fetials were a group of 20 Roman priests who were involved in international relations. They were integral to the signing of treaties and declarations of war.
The Romans revolutionised military tactics. The main foundation was the idea that you could fight far more effectively if order was maintained between the troops.
3. The Praetorian Guard
The Praetorian Guard date back to the Roman Republic, and were the Secret Service of their day. They were the most prestigious unit of the Roman military, would fight in campaigns, help put down an uprising, and do anything else the emperor required of them.
2. Battle of Cannae
The Battle of Cannae took place in 216 BC, and was fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians, who were led by Hannibal. It is thought to have been the bloodiest day of battle ever, with more than 40,000 Romans losing their lives, and causing a great embarrassment for the empire. It was one of their greatest losses.
1. Wealthy Class System
Originally to be a part of the Roman army you had to be a Roman citizen. While the roots of this system were based on tribal ranks, the ruler Tullius decided to, instead, divide the army based on the property that the soldiers owned.
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