We are all familiar with the maxim, Health is wealth. According to the world health organization, Health is state of complete physical, mental, social as well as spiritual well being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease. Academics serve the purpose of nourishing the mind. But a healthy mind resides in a healthy body. One can develop and maintain a healthy body by actively participating in games and sports.
Games keep our body alert, active, youthful and energetic. They instill in us a spirit of adventure. Games increase the circulation of blood, boost metabolism, burn calories and improve lthe respiration and digestive system. A healthy person can work hard cheerfully for a long period of time, and can face dangers boldly. Games also instilling the players the spirit so self reliance, self confidence, justice, and fair play. They enable them to cultivate other virtues like discipline, honesity, integrity, loyalty and patriotic,.
While playing games various exercises are performed automatically and one need not join a gymnasium for this purpose. Brisk walking, running, cycling, skipping, swimming and yoga are common activities to keep oneself fit. They also tone up the body of both the young and the old. Mild exercises are beneficial for patients recovering from heart attack and those who suffer from obesity, diabetes, blood pressure, etc. exercise invigorates the mind and the body and helps to keep one fit.
Games generate a feeling of sportsmanship and broaden one’s outlook. They are very essential for the students. In our schools, however, games and sports are not given much importance. some schools cannot afford funds for sports equipment while most schools do not have a playground. Even parents want their children to complete their home assignments after school hours rather than play games. They fail to realize that games make children strong both mentally and physically. Many school children become obese due to lack of participating in games. Obesity puts them in the high risk category of contracting diseases like diabetes, heart aliments, etc. the educational system needs to be reformed, and equal importance needs to be given to sports and games.
Lack of concern of the general public and authorities for sports and games is evident from our country’s poor performance in international sports events. In Beijing Olympics, India’s best ever performance of winning one gold and two bronze medals. We are far behind other countries in a number of games. Moreover, in the absence of funds and facililties, the players are unable to use their talent and energy in a productive manner. For example, hockey is mostly played on grass courts in india. There is also a lack of training of international standard. The players lack motivation. They are unawre of the diet they should follow to keep themselves fit. Cricket is the only game which is given importance.
No doubts sports have plenty of avantage but they also have some drawbacks. Some sportsmen lose their limbs, frature their legs or get permanently disable whileplaying games. Many students take too much interest in games and ignore their studies.
The government has formulated a National Sports Policy,2001.it promotes a liking for sports among public at large. It aims at the development infrastructure and the provision of better coaching facilities.
Seventy percent of our population lives in villages. To popularize games and tap hidden talent in rural areas, the rural sports programme was launched in 1970-71. The scheme has been revised. Grants to sports have been increased. Sports scholarships are given to talented boys and girls.
Effective measures should be taken to ensure people active participation in games. The government should evolve a long term national sports policy children should be informed about the advantages of games. They should be made to play games regularly. Training facilities for various games should be introduced. The existing training facilities should be upgraded and example expanded. The selection of players for national and international games should be fair. The government has introduced a scheme related to talent search and training. Under this schem, assistance is provided to promising sportspersons for training and training cum competitions is india and abroad, for purchase of equipment and scientists, doctors, masseurs etc. are slso assisted for undergoing specialized training and for attending seminar conferences andmajor international sports events and for appearing in qualifying examinations. Various awards like rajiv Gandhi khel ratna award, Arjuna Award, Dhyanchand Award, Dronacharya Award, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy, Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Award etc. are given for the spectacularand outstanding performanceof the sportspersons for higher achievements and to attract the younger generation to take sports.